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This page gives a list of the annual visual meteor showers we can expect to see. In addition to the cloud cover, the position and phase of the moon affect the viewing of meteor showers. The following table is produced here as a guide only as dates on which showers can be seen vary from year to year within a few days.
A Meteor Shower is any nuber of meteors emeanating from a common Radiant point in almost parallel trajectories. The Radiant is the point in the celestial sphere from which the meteors appear to originate. The Rate at which they are said to appear is based on number of meteors that could be observed in an hour if the limiting magnitude of the observer is 6.5(mag) and the radiant is in the observer's zenith. This is known as the Zenithal Hoursly Rate (ZHR). A Fireball is bright meteor with an apparent (visual) magnitude of at least -4 (mag).
More details of the showers can be found at the International Meteor Organization (IMO) as this page is not regularly updated. The 2013 calendar is available from them in this PDF and the 2014 in this PDF.
Meteor spotting is one of the less indulged in parts of astronomy but if you are interested and perhaps assist the IMO in their research then there are some software tools available to download from this page. While Visual spotting of meteors is the most rewarding in terms of numbers, to the science itself, video, radio and telescopic (binoculars are preferred to an actual telescope) methods provide better statistical data.
Note: Major Showers in Bold - else Minor or Moderate ones
|SHOWER||START DATE||END DATE||PEAK DATES||RADIANT||ZHR||Comet Association|
|Quadrantids||28 Dec||12 Jan||2-4 Jan||Bootes||110||96P Macholz 1
|alpha Centaurids||28 Jan||21 Feb||7-9 Feb||Centaurus||6|
|gamma Normids||25 Feb||22 Mar||13-15 Mar||6|
|Lyrids||16 Apr||25 Apr||21-22 Apr||Lyra||18||C/1861 G1 Thatcher|
|pi Puppids||15 Apr||28 Apr||22-24 Apr||Puppis||varies|
|eta Aquariids||19 Apr||28 May||5-6 May||Aquarius||45||1P/Halley|
|eta Lyrids||3 May||14 May||7-9 May||Lyra||3|
|June Bootids||22 Jun||2 Jul||26-28 Jun||Bootes||varies|
|delta Aquariids<||12 Jul||23 Aug||28-30 Jul||Aquarius||18||96P Macholz 1
|alpha Capricornids||3 Jul||25 Aug||-||Capricorn||5||45P/Honda-Mrkos
|Perseids||17 Jul||24 Aug||12-13 Aug||Perseus||85-90||109P/Swift-Tuttle|
|kappa Cygnids<||3 Aug||25 Aug||16-18 Aug||Cygnus||3|
|(alpha)Aurigids||25 Aug||6 Sep||1-2 Sep||Auriga||6|
|delta Aurigids||5 Oct||23 Oct||10-12 Oct||Auriga||2|
|epsilon Geminids||10 Oct||27 Oct||18-19 Oct||Gemini||3|
|Orionids||15 Oct||29 Oct||21-22 Oct||Orion||25||1P/Halley|
|Northern Taurids||12 Oct||2 Dec||4-7 Nov||Taurus||10||2P/Encke|
|Leonids||13 Nov||20 Nov||17-18 Nov||Leo||10||55P/Tempel-Tuttle|
|Geminids||7 Dec||15 Dec||13-14 Dec||Gemini||75||Asteroid 3200 Phaethon|
|Ursids||17 Dec||25 Dec||22 Dec||Ursa Minor||15||8P/Tuttle|
The times of occultations according to location may be determined at the International Occultation Timing Association (IOTA) web site
|Comet Rendezvous Calendar||Skymaps.com printable maps|
|More meteor at IMO click here||Heavens Above Whole Sky map|
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